What is CBD oil?
CBD or cannabidiol is one of many chemical compounds found in cannabis sativa called cannabinoids.
It is found along with 113 other cannabinoids including THC. Cannabinoids act on receptors found in the endocannabinoid system.
What is the Endocannabinoid System?
The endocannabinoid system or ECS is a system of cell receptors that bond with cannabinoids to regulate homeostasis or the balancing of your body’s physiology.
The endocannabinoid system is described as being a lock and key mechanism. The receptors are the lock and the cannabinoids are the key. This triggers a reaction that affects the brain and body.
The ECS consists of two types of cell receptors:
Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1(CB1): Expressed in the peripheral nervous system and central nervous system which includes the brain.
Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2(CB2): Expressed in the immune system along with the digestive system and many of the body’s organs. Mainly found in white blood cells, in the tonsils and the spleen. CB2 is very important in the regulation of the release of cytokine. What is cytokine? Signaling molecules that mediate and regulate immunity and inflammation.
What are the Benefits of CBD oil?
Manage Stress and Anxiety: CBD oil has been shown to reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety including reducing rapid heart rates.
Improve Sleep: Since CBD oil reduces anxiety that interferes with sleep and helps you get more restful sleep.
Reduce Pain and Inflammation: CBD oil has anti-pain and anti-inflammatory effects that help with pain management.
Could Benefit Heart Health: The anti-inflammatory and anti oxidative properties of CBD oil may be able to reduce the risk of factors that can lead to heart disease.
May Reduce Acne: Using CBD oil may help reduce acne by reducing the amount of sebum the body creates.
Can Alleviate Cancer Symptoms: Research has suggested that CBD oil along with other cannabinoids may ease neuropathic pain, nausea and poor appetite due to cancer and cancer treatment.
Heal Without Habit: CBD oil and other cannabinoids may be a viable alternative to narcotic pain killers.
How is CBD Oil Applied?
There are three ways CBD oil can enter the body:
Inhalation: Inhalation occurs when you apply CBD oil though the lungs either by vaping or smoking.
What is Vaping?
Vaping is a popular way to apply CBD oil. It is fast acting and the effects can last up to three hours. It is a popular way to relieve stress and anxiety, chronic pain and it helps those who want to quit smoking cigarettes.
There are two options for vaping CBD oil vape juice or vape pen. The use of a CBD vape pen is the easiest way to vape CBD oil due to the easy to use out of box solution that required little or no set up. However the solution found in CBD pens have to be replaced over time and that can get costly. The use of CBD vape juice is preferred when you want to mix CBD oil with a favorite flavor of vape juice. However the vaping device has to be purchased separately.
Vaping CBD oil is fast acting due to it going directly to your lungs. When this happens the CBD diffuses directly into your bloodstream. Other methods of applying CBD oil take longer to take effect because it has to pass through your liver and gut.
There is a risk for lung irritation or damage from vaping. Over the long term inhaling hot CBD oil has the potential to damage your lungs. There are chemicals in many vape pens that contain thinning agents like propylene glycol and polyethylene glycol that are known carcinogens.
Ingestion: Ingestion occurs when you apply CBD oil through your mouth. It can be by consuming an edible or applying a tincture.
What is an Edible?
A CBD edible is a tasty way of getting a daily dose of CBD. They can provide long lasting relief for the condition you’re trying to treat. However they take 30 minutes to 2 hours to fully go into effect. The results last longer than inhalation.
There are active compounds in CBD extract added to CBD edibles that can be added to cooked or baked goods to add additional health benefits like boosting antioxidants. An example would be using cannabutter and CBD crystals when cookies or brownies are being baked.
It’s easier to get the correct dosage of CBD eating edibles than vaping. When edibles are purchased or made pre-dosed servings are added. However when CBD oil is inhaled by vaping it is harder to determine how much dosage you are getting.
What is a Tincture?
A tincture is a concentrated liquid form of one or more herbs, such as cannabis. When produced it can be refined to contain certain compounds from cannabis such as CBD and/or THC.
CBD oil tinctures can be applied under your tongue and the full effect occurs between 50 and 90 seconds. I asked someone on a social media forum about other ways tinctures are used and he said that he added 3 to 5 drops or 5:1 Ratio of CBD tincture in his coffee every morning.
Tinctures are not only popular they are effective. They are so concentrated that it delivers CBD to the body quicker than edibles and the body can break them down quicker also. If a user cannot vape CBD oil due to health restriction tinctures are a great alternative.
Absorption: Absorption occurs when CBD oil is absorbed through the skin when it is applied topically as an ointment, salve or lotion.
Topical CBD oil is excellent for providing relief from pain in the muscles, joints, nerves and neck and back. It can be used to treat skin conditions like acne, contact dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis and skin rashes. Research shows that its possible it can be use as an effective treatment for bacterial infections such as MRSA.
Topical CBD oil is considered the most versatile among the already versatile CBD products. What do I mean about it being versatile? CBD oil can be used not just to treat anxiety and depression, but it has many other functions.
I discovered another use for CBD oil started when I started using it to relieve pain caused by a fractured finger. I rubbed it on topically and it dulled the pain as effectively as taking ibuprofen. According to a study done by the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research CBD oil strengthens bones and accelerates the healing of fractures.
Is CBD Oil Federally Legal?
The answer to this is yes. CBD oil is federally legal as long as the amount of THC doesn’t exceed 0.3%.
THC (Tetrahydrocannabidiol) like CBD is one of 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis. However, unlike CBD THC is a psychoactive compound that can cause someone to become “high” and it is still considered a schedule 1 controlled substance by the DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency).
The Hemp Farming Act of 2018 was a proposed law that would’ve removed industrial hemp from schedule 1 controlled substance and would’ve made it an ordinary agricultural commodity. The provisions were incorporated into the 2018 United States Farm Bill that became law on December 20, 2018.
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