Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder marked by extreme high and low moods.
It’s a disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.
The exact cause of bipolar disorder isn’t known. A mix of genetics, environment, and altered brain structure as well as chemistry may play a role.
Manic episodes may include symptoms such as high energy, reduced need for sleep, and loss of touch with reality.
Depressive episodes may include symptoms such as low energy, low motivation, and loss of interest in daily activities. Mood episodes can last days to months at a time and may also be associated with suicidal thoughts.
Treatment is typically lifelong and often involves a combination of medications as well as psychotherapy.